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ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY SCHOOL LIFE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN SELECTED FACULTIES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN

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DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS EDUCATION.

Abstract

This research study assessed the quality of school life among undergraduates in selected faculties of the University of Ilorin. The quality of school life is a multidimensional construct that encompasses various aspects of the academic, social, and personal experiences of students within the university setting. The study focused on undergraduates from specific faculties to obtain a representative sample and gather insights into their perceptions and experiences related to the quality of school life. The research employed a mixed-methods approach, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. A questionnaire survey was administered to collect quantitative data on various dimensions of school life quality, including academic engagement, social relationships, campus environment, support services, and personal well-being. Additionally, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted to obtain qualitative data, allowing for a deeper exploration of students’ experiences, challenges, and suggestions for improving their school life.

The findings of this study will provide valuable insights into the factors that contribute to or hinder the quality of school life among undergraduates at the University of Ilorin. The results will inform the university administration, policymakers, and relevant stakeholders about the areas that require attention and improvement to enhance the overall educational experience for students. By identifying specific areas of concern and potential interventions, this research can contribute to the development of effective strategies and policies aimed at fostering a positive and supportive learning environment.

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

  1.     Background of the Study

Assessing the quality of school life among undergraduate students is an essential task in understanding the student experience and identifying areas for improvement. Quality school life can be defined as a positive and supportive learning environment that fosters personal growth and academic achievement. Quality school life refers to a positive and fulfilling experience for students during their time in school. It involves creating an environment that promotes all students’ learning, growth, and well-being. Family and community involvement in schools can help to build stronger relationships between schools and their communities and support student learning and well-being. Students who have access to resources and support are better able to succeed academically and socially. This can include access to academic support services, counselling, and extracurricular activities. In a study by Hwang and Evans (2011), quality school life was defined as a school environment that promotes a sense of autonomy and self-determination for students. This includes opportunities for student choice and decision-making, a challenging and relevant curriculum, and a supportive school community.

Several elements are believed to contribute to a quality school life such as a safe and inclusive environment, a quality school life requires a safe and inclusive environment where every student feels welcome and respected, regardless of their race, gender, religion, or cultural background. Schools should have policies and practices that promote safety and prevent bullying and discrimination. Also, quality school life among undergraduates involves an engaging and challenging curriculum that encourages students to learn and explore new ideas. It should be relevant to students’ lives and provide opportunities for them to apply their learning in real-world situations. According to a study by Sirin and Fine (2008), quality school life is characterized by a sense of belonging and connectedness to the school community. This includes positive relationships between students and teachers, opportunities for student involvement and leadership, and a school culture that values diversity and promotes social-emotional learning. A quality school life involves supportive relationships between students, teachers, and staff. Schools should provide opportunities for students to develop positive relationships with their peers and adults in the school community. It is worth noting that A quality school life involves a range of extracurricular activities that allow students to pursue their interests and develop their skills outside of the classroom. These activities can include sports, music, drama, clubs, and volunteer work. It is also relatable that Quality school life among undergraduates involves promoting the health and well-being of students. Schools should provide resources and support for students’ physical, social, and emotional health, this is to ascertain that quality school life goes beyond the academic performance of students but further stretch towards the well-being of the students.

Khwaja, Fatima, and Qureshi (2015), defined quality school life as a school environment that promotes academic achievement, social-emotional development, and personal growth. This includes a challenging and relevant curriculum, opportunities for student leadership and involvement, and a supportive school community. The quality of school life among undergraduates can have a significant impact on their academic success and overall well-being. According to Kothari and Mandloi (2013), quality school life is characterized by a positive school climate, where students feel safe, supported, and respected. This includes a supportive learning environment, positive relationships between students and teachers, and opportunities for extracurricular activities and personal development. Research has shown that a positive school environment, supportive relationships with faculty and peers, and access to resources and services can all contribute to a better quality of school life. Some factors can negatively impact the quality of school life for undergraduates, these include stress, workload, financial concerns, and social isolation. It is also worth noting that these issues can lead to lower academic performance, decreased motivation, and even mental health problems.

Shernoff et al. (2016), defined quality school life as a school environment that promotes engagement and motivation among students. This includes a challenging and relevant curriculum, opportunities for student involvement and leadership, and a school culture that values and supports student achievement. In order to improve the quality of school life for undergraduates, universities can focus on creating a welcoming and inclusive environment, providing academic and emotional support services, and offering opportunities for social engagement and extracurricular activities. By prioritizing the well-being of their students, universities can help to ensure that undergraduates have a positive and successful college experience

  1.       Statement of Problem

The problem at hand is the need to evaluate and assess the overall quality of school life experienced by undergraduate students within specific faculties at the University of Ilorin. This research aims to address the lack of comprehensive understanding regarding the various factors influencing the well-being and satisfaction levels of students in their academic environment. By examining the key elements that contribute to the quality of school life, such as educational resources, campus facilities, social interactions, extracurricular activities, and support services, this study aims to shed light on areas that require improvement or enhancement. The assessment will provide valuable insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the university’s educational system, allowing for informed decision-making and the development of strategies to enhance the overall student experience. Ultimately, the findings will contribute to fostering a more conducive and enriching learning environment for undergraduate students, promoting their personal growth, academic success, and overall well-being

1.3       Objectives of the Study

This study aims at assessing the influences of quality school life on undergraduates. The specific objectives of this research are:

  • To identify the factors that contribute to the quality of school life among undergraduate students.
  • Todetermine the relationship that exists between academic performance and quality of school life.
  • To examine the relationship between the quality of school life and the well-being of undergraduate students.
  • To suggest strategies and interventions to improve the quality of school life for undergraduate students, based on the findings of the study

1.4       Research Questions

            In order to achieve the aims and objective of this study, the following research questions are expected to guide the study

  • What factors contribute to the quality of school life among undergraduates?
  • What relationship exists between academic performance and quality of school life?
  • Which relationship exists between the quality of school life and the well-being of undergraduate students?
  • What strategies can be employed to improve the quality of school life for undergraduate students?

1.5       Research Hypothesis

Below is the hypothesis to be tested;

  • (H1): There is no significant relationship between the selected faculties at the University of Ilorin and the quality of school life among undergraduates.

1.6       Significance of The Study

Studying the quality of school life among undergraduates can provide valuable insights into the experiences and challenges that students face in their academic and personal lives. there are several reasons why studying the quality of school life among undergraduates is significant to undergraduates and researchers. Students, researchers and the general society benefit from the study of the quality of life of undergraduates.  The results of the research will improve student retention by understanding the factors that contribute to a positive school experience, institutions can create policies and programs that increase student retention and graduation rates. The results of the research will serve as a bedrock for other researchers in related fields. Generally, the results of this research are significant to the outside society of academics because of the broad understanding it will contribute to renowned knowledge in human existence.

Conclusively, this study will serve a great value to the body of literature and society at large because it shows society the impact of quality school life among undergraduates

1.7       Scope of The Study

The emphasis of this project is the assessment of quality school life among undergraduates in selected faculties of the University of Ilorin which means that the researcher will focus on the impacts quality school life has on academic performance, social life, mental health and general activities of students in some selected faculties in University of Ilorin, Kwara State. The scope of this study is limited to the University of Ilorin because undergraduates who form the basis of the research have similar objectives when it comes to school life. Time and financial constraints are also important components of the Researcher’s limitations to selected faculties in the University of Ilorin, Kwara state.

The sampling technique that will be used for this study will be Simple random sampling where the population contain a finite number and each and everyone in the population has the chance of being selected in the sample. And also, the population is homogeneous which means the population contains the same types of characteristics that are needed for the study. This study is going to demonstrate the types of web-based information resources, the benefits of web-based information resources, the factors affecting the utilization of web-based information resources and the solution to the challenges.

1.8       Limitations of the Study

The study’s findings are based on a selected sample of undergraduates from specific faculties at the University of Ilorin. This sampling approach may limit the generalizability of the results to the entire student population or other universities. The study’s findings may not accurately represent the experiences of undergraduates in other faculties or universities, thus reducing the external validity of the research. The study relies on self-reported data collected through questionnaires. While this method allows researchers to gather information directly from the participants, it is subject to response biases. Participants may provide socially desirable responses, leading to inaccuracies or an incomplete understanding of their true experiences. Additionally, the use of questionnaires may limit the depth of information collected, as they often focus on predetermined factors and may not capture the full range of variables that influence the quality of school life.

Another limitation is the potential for recall bias. The study may require participants to recall past experiences or events, which can be influenced by memory limitations or subjective interpretations. Participants may not accurately remember or report certain aspects of their school life, leading to potential inaccuracies in the data. The study’s cross-sectional design captures data at a specific point in time, offering a snapshot of quality school life among undergraduates. Longitudinal studies that follow participants over an extended period would provide a more comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing the quality of school life and how they may change over time.

In conclusion, while the study “Assessment of Quality School Life Among Undergraduates in Selected Faculties of the University of Ilorin” offers valuable insights, it is important to acknowledge its limitations. The findings may not be generalizable to other faculties or universities, and the use of self-reported data, potential response biases, recall bias, and limitations in research design and measurement instruments should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results.

1.9       Definition of Basic Concept

Assessment: assessment refers to the process of gathering, analyzing and interpreting information or evidence about an individual knowledge or skills, abilities or performance in order to make informed decisions about their learning and development

Quality: this can be defined as the degree to which something meets or exceeds expectations, standards, or specifications. It further refers to overall excellence.

School life: school life refers to the period of time during which a student attends school, including the activities, experiences and interactions that occur within the educational setting.

Undergraduates: undergraduates generally refer to students who are pursuing a post-secondary education at a college or university, and are yet to complete their bachelor’s degree.

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